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Indonesia says looking at converting old oil refineries into biofuel plants

Indonesia is looking into converting two of the country’s older crude oil refineries into plants for producing biofuels, a cabinet minister said.

The government is conducting a study with Italian energy company ENI, which has successfully converted one of its refineries to the production of biofuels, Rini Soemarno, the minister overseeing state-controlled companies, told reporters on the sidelines of the IMF-World Bank annual meetings in Bali.

The move is part of a drive to reduce energy imports as the government tries to narrow the country’s current account gap amid emerging market volatility that has dragged the rupiah currency to its weakest in over 20 years.

ENI is conducting a study on state energy company Pertamina’s Plaju and Dumai refineries, which were built around the 1930s, according to Soemarno.

“We have been planning to modernize those refineries, but we found out that they could be turned (into biofuel plants) - most likely these two will be converted,” Soemarno said.

According to Pertamina’s website, the Plaju plant has an oil refining capacity of 133,700 bpd, with Dumai at 170,000 bpd.

Indonesia’s biodiesel drive also aims to absorb the country’s rising crude palm oil output amid sluggish global demand. Indonesia is the world’s top producer of the commodity.

Starting in September, Indonesia enforced a mandatory use of B20 fuel, which has 20 percent bio-content mix, for all diesel machines in the country, including train locomotives and heavy equipment.

Government officials have estimated the nation could save billion of dollars in energy imports per year through the B20 program.

REUTERS reporting by Fransiska Nangoy; Editing by Joseph Radford

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From the April 2018 issue of Hydrocarbon Processing


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